Main menu

Pages

What is blockchain technology? and How does it work?

What is everything you need to know about the blockchain?

Blockchain technology consists of blocks containing batches of timestamped transactions. Each block is connected to the previous block through encryption, thus forming a chain; It is not possible to change a single block without changing every block in the chain, which makes it an incredibly safe way to log information.


What is the future of the blockchain?

Blockchain is one of the most talked about technologies in business right now. Blockchain technology has the potential to drive major changes and create new opportunities across industries - from banking and cyber security to intellectual property and healthcare.


In the site itproportal.com:

What is blockchain?

Blockchain is a digital ledger. Blockchain technology consists of blocks that hold batches of timestamped transactions. Each block is linked to the previous one through cryptography, thus forming a chain; one block cannot be changed without changing every block in the chain, making it an incredibly secure way to record information.

Blockchain: an introduction

Like much of the technology world, cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin rely on some form of database that are able to track large volumes of transactions and keep them secure. The solution used by many of the world’s largest digital currencies is the blockchain. 

First implemented in 2009, and revolutionised with ‘Blockchain 2.0’ in 2014, Blockchain technology consists of blocks that hold batches of timestamped transactions, each block is linked to the previous one through cryptography, thus forming a chain.

As the world becomes ever more smarter and inter-connected, cryptocurrencies have become an increasingly attractive proposition for growing markets that may not have traditional banking infrastructure. Several developing third-world nations have implemented blockchain-based national currencies, and the technology is also used by several major charity projects to help those without bank accounts.

Blockchain also offers the possibility of creating a fraud-proof system for transacting exchanges. It therefore has potential for use outside of the digital currency sphere and is attracting interest among traditional financial institutions and elsewhere.

Blockchain FAQ 

As blockchain developed, and developers determined new ways to utilise it, people began to talk about 'blockchain 2.0' (Image credit: Getty)

Frequently asked question about blockchain.

How does blockchain work?

A blockchain system consists of two types of record, transactions and blocks. Transactions are simply the actions carried out in a particular period, these are stored together in a block.

What makes blockchain more unique is that each block contains the cryptographic hash of the previous one, thus forming a chain. What a cryptographic hash does is take the data from the previous block and transform it into a compact string. Since these strings are impossible to predict it means that any tampering with the chain is easily detected. 

This method means that blocks don’t need to have serial numbers, the hash allows them to be uniquely identified as well as verifying their integrity. Each block confirms the validity of the previous one right back to the so called ‘genesis block’ at the start of the chain.

The linking of blocks isn’t the only thing that keeps the chain secure, however. It’s also decentralised, each computer with the software installed has a copy of the blockchain which is constantly updated with new blocks. There is no centralised server holding the transactions and because each new block must meet the requirements of the chain nobody is able to overwrite previous transactions.

Other transaction requirements can be added to define what constitutes a valid entry. In Bitcoin for example a valid transaction has to be digitally signed, it has to spend one or more unspent outputs of previous transactions, and the sum of transaction outputs cannot exceed the sum of input

What are some of the biggest blockchain databases?

Blockchain has exploded in popularity over the last few years, gaining backers throughout the technology and financial sectors.

Away from Bitcoin, which remains the most well-known and arguably most widely-used network, this has led to a number of alternative blockchains coming to the fore in recent times.

This includes R3, which is developing blockchain-esque technology that can be used by major banking institutions, and in May 2017 raised $107 million in funding from backers such as Intel, HSBC and Bank of America. 

Another major player is Hyperledger, an open-source cross-industry collaboration created by the Linux Foundation in order to popularise blockchain-based ledgers, with the first generation of its technology released in July 2017.

All the so-called ‘big four’ accounting firms have also said they are testing blockchain technologies, although so far only Ernst and Young have gone public with their technology, making a digital wallet available to all its Swiss employees.

IBM announced in March 2017 that it will be building its own ‘blockchain as a service’ offering based on Hyperledger, which will allow customers to build secure blockchain networks.

Earlier this year, the London Stock Exchange also revealed it was is set to start using blockchain to improve transparency for shareholding information among unlisted businesses, showing the impact the technology has had. 

How secure is blockchain? 

Due to its advanced cryptographic protection systems, blockchain offers a far more secure experience than traditional banking.

The fact that the technology is decentralised, and cannot be retroactively altered or edited makes it ideal for financial transactions and the storing of important information.

Blockchain also benefits from being able to preserve the privacy of the user - however this has made it popular as the payment method of choice for cyber criminals, as a Bitcoin network node doesn’t have to reveal the identity of the person making or receiving payments.

What is Blockchain 2.0? 

As blockchain grew and evolved, companies began to think of new applications for the technology. In 2014, ‘Blockchain 2.0’ became popularised as the umbrella term for this new ecosystem, which saw the technology being used for smarter and more advanced use cases that respond to certain triggers. 

For example invoices could be set to pay themselves automatically when goods are delivered, or smart contracts could trigger payments when parts of a project are completed.

Blockchain 2.0 has the potential to open up the technology for use in other industries beyond pure finance. In the music business, for example, blockchain 2.0 could be used in managing copyrights and collecting royalties from digital streaming and downloads. It could be employed for asset registers, managing things like property, vehicles or machinery and introducing the ability to charge accurately based on usage.

Further reading on blockchain

Read about the implications of blockchain in data science; understand how blockchain is driving digital transformation; and read about blockchain, sustainability, and changing perceptions.

Blockchain resources

Blockchain charts(opens in new tab) Real-time information on the current market price, block size, daily transactions and more.

What is Blockchain Technology?(opens in new tab) A step-by-step guide to blockchain technology for beginners interested in using the system.

IBM Blockchain(opens in new tab) A repository of information on IBM’s work into blockchain technology.



In the site h-educate.com:

Life depends on evolution, natural selection, and change. It provides meaning to our lives and the world; it helps us stay updated, adjust, and adapt. And that mindset led us to cryptocurrencies based on Blockchain. But what is blockchain? How does it work? Let’s get to know everything about the crypto ledge system. 

When you do the payments online, you provide your credit card information. And if you don’t have a credit card, then you may opt for the bank transfer. With the rise of cryptocurrencies, these methods are getting old. 

What if I tell you you can do the transactions and many other works without giving your personal information? And you can do it all without the governments, banks, or any third parties. Isn’t it amazing? The answer to ‘how’ is a blockchain! 

It’s like a database where you save informational blocks connected together. That’s why we call it Blockchain, the chain of blocks. Things are changing fast and you can even do Android crypto mining on your phones today. 

I’ve made this video to help you understand the concept easily:

Keep reading if you want to understand the concept of Blockchain in detail. 

Two mathematicians, Stuart Haber and W. Scott Stornetta, first shined the light on Blockchain technology back in 1991. Initially, the goal was to implement a system that would be impossible to tamper with timestamps.

Then, in 1990, Nick Szabo proposed using Blockchain to secure a digital payments system called “Bit Gold.” But no one ever did it, until Satoshi Nakamoto claimed to have invented the first Blockchain and Bitcoin. 

So, What is Blockchain?

In simple terms, a Blockchain is a distributed database shared between the nodes of a computer network. It saves information in digital format. Most people heard of Blockchain after they started to look up about Bitcoin.

What is blockchain

Oxford Languages define it as a system in which a record of transactions made in bitcoin or another cryptocurrency is maintained across several computers that are linked in a peer-to-peer network.

And here’s the definition of Blockchain by Investopedia:

“A blockchain is a digitally distributed, decentralized, public ledger that exists across a network. It is most noteworthy in its use with cryptocurrencies.”

Blockchain has played a significant part in cryptocurrency systems, ensuring a secure and decentralized record of transactions. 

The unique thing that Blockchain brought to the table was that it guaranteed the fidelity and security of a record of data and did it all without the need for a trusted third party. 

The main difference between a Blockchain and a database is how they structure data.

The basic steps that a blockchain follows are:

  • It collects information in groups called “Blocks.”
  • Each block has a specific storage capacity, and it’s closed and linked to a previously served block once it's filled.
  • This forms a chain called a “Blockchain.”
  • Any further information will be added to a newly created block until its capacity is full. The process keeps repeating itself.
  • Each block in the chain has an exact timestamp when added to the chain, which cannot be tampered with.

Let’s get to know how Blockchain works in detail.

Also read: How to Mine Ergo Coin on PC

Transaction Process: How Does Blockchain Work?

Blockchain records digital information and distributes it across the network without changing it. It’s the foundation of immutable ledgers that you cannot delete, alter, or destroy. That's why it's also known as “Distributed Ledger Technology” or DLT.

What is Blockchain

Here’s how it works:

  • Someone or a computer transacts
  • The transaction is transmitted across the network
  • Network of computers solves equations to confirm the transaction
  • The transaction is added into blocks if confirmed
  • The blocks are chained together creating an entire history

And that’s just it! It seems a complicated task, yet it’s done in minutes with modern technology. And because the tech is advancing rapidly, I expect it to happen faster than ever. 

Also read: How to Mine Any Cryptocurrency at Home

A new transaction enters the system. It’s then transmitted to a network of peer-to-peer computers scattered at different locations across the globe. The network of computers then solves equations to confirm the transaction's authenticity.

It’s placed in a block after the confirmation. All the blocks are chained together, making a long chain of the permanent history of all transactions. 

How are Blockchains used?

Although Blockchain is a big part of cryptocurrency, it is not the only use. We can use Blockchain for storing data of your transactions reliably. People confuse it with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum

Blockchain has already been adopted by Walmart, AIG, Siemens, Pfizer, and Unilever. For example, IBM's Food Trust uses it to track food's journey before reaching its final destination.

Now, to some of you, this might seem a bit excessive. But the reason for tracing food is that the food industry has seen countless outbreaks of E. coli and Salmonella. There have also been cases where some dangerous material has been accidentally introduced into the food. 

Tracing and identifying the causes of the outbreak has always been a challenging task that takes time. However, thanks to Blockchain, food is now traced, and companies know exactly where the food truck stopped before making it to its intended location.

This allows them to conclude much faster in case of any health hazards. There are tons of other uses of Blockchain as well. 

What is Blockchain Decentralization?

Decentralization makes Blockchain safe even if it’s public. You can easily access it using just an internet connection. 

Blockchain Decentralization

Have you ever been in a situation where you had all your data stored at one place, and that one “secure” place gets compromised? Even if you have never faced it yourself, I can be sure that it does not sound like a scenario you would want to be in.

Blockchain has a way of avoiding this situation. It scatters the information to multiple computers located at different locations in the world. This creates redundancy. If someone somehow manages to delete, modify, or destroy a transaction history from one place, it won't affect the other nodes.

Instead, the other nodes will cross-reference and locate the node with the incorrect information. This is called “Decentralization,” meaning all the information is not stored at a single centralized location. 

This causes information and history to be irreversible. So Blockchain is not only a reliable place for transaction history, but we can also use it to hold data. You can also store integral things like legal contracts, state identifications, or even a company's product inventory.

Pros and Cons of Blockchain

Like everything that exists in the world, there are many advantages and disadvantages of Blockchain. In this section, you’ll study them in bullets. 

Pros and Cons
Pros and Cons

Pros

  • Improved accuracy because it removes human involvement in the verification process
  • Information is much harder to tamper with because of decentralization
  • Secure, private, and efficient transactions
  • Provides a banking alternative as well as a much more secure way of storing personal information for citizens 

Cons

  • Mining bitcoin comes with a hefty technology cost
  • Data storage has limitations
  • It has a risk of being used for illicit activities 
  • The regulations always remain uncertain as they vary by jurisdiction.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Blockchain

In this section, I’ll answer the most frequently asked questions about blockchain. 

Is Blockchain a cryptocurrency?

Blockchain itself is not a cryptocurrency but a technology that makes the crypto phenomenon possible. It’s a digital ledger that records every crypto transaction seamlessly. 

Is it possible for Blockchain to be hacked?

To come straight to the point, yes. Blockchain can be theoretically hacked, but a network of users constantly reviews it, making it a complicated task to be achieved.

What is the most prominent blockchain company?

There are many blockchain companies in the world right now. But Coinbase Global currently holds the spot for being the biggest blockchain company with commendable infrastructure, services and technology for the crypto economy. 

Who owns Blockchain?

Blockchain is a technology that is not owned by anyone. It’s a chain of distributed ledgers connected with nodes. And the node can be any electronic device. Thus no single computer or human being can own the chain. 

What is the difference between Bitcoin and Blockchain?

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, and Blockchain is a distributed ledger of cryptocurrency transactions. Bitcoin like any other cryptocurrency is powered by Blockchain technology. And we can use the tech for many other uses as well. 

What are important cryptocurrencies other than Bitcoin?

There are more than 10000 cryptocurrencies in the world right now. And the number is always increasing. Ethereum, CardanoLitecoinPolkadot, and Tether are some of the top crypto coins. Along with them, I love Solana, Avalanche, USD Coin, and Binance Coin. 

I hope now you know everything about blockchains and their importance. Because it will be our future, so learn while you can.

In the site crunchhype.com:

What is Blockchain: Everything You Need to Know (2022)

What is Blockchain


If you want to pay online, you need to register an account and provide credit card information. If you don't have a credit card, you can pay with bank transfer. With the rise of cryptocurrencies, these methods may become old.

Imagine a world in which you can do transactions and many other things without having to give your personal information. A world in which you don’t need to rely on banks or governments anymore. Sounds amazing, right? That’s exactly what blockchain technology allows us to do.

It’s like your computer’s hard drive. blockchain is a technology that lets you store data in digital blocks, which are connected together like links in a chain. 

Blockchain technology was originally invented in 1991 by two mathematicians, Stuart Haber and W. Scot Stornetta. They first proposed the system to ensure that timestamps could not be tampered with.

A few years later, in 1998, software developer Nick Szabo proposed using a similar kind of technology to secure a digital payments system he called “Bit Gold.” However, this innovation was not adopted until Satoshi Nakamoto claimed to have invented the first Blockchain and Bitcoin.

So, What is Blockchain?

A blockchain is a distributed database shared between the nodes of a computer network. It saves information in digital format. Many people first heard of blockchain technology when they started to look up information about bitcoin.

Blockchain is used in cryptocurrency systems to ensure secure, decentralized records of transactions.

Blockchain allowed people to guarantee the fidelity and security of a record of data without the need for a third party to ensure accuracy.

To understand how a blockchain works, Consider these basic steps:

  • Blockchain collects information in “blocks”.
  • A block has a storage capacity, and once it's used up, it can be closed and linked to a previously served block.
  • Blocks form chains, which are called “Blockchains.”
  • More information will be added to the block with the most content until its capacity is full. The process repeats itself.
  • Each block in the chain has an exact timestamp and can't be changed.

Let’s get to know more about the blockchain.

How does blockchain work?

Blockchain records digital information and distributes it across the network without changing it. The information is distributed among many users and stored in an immutable, permanent ledger that can't be changed or destroyed. That's why blockchain is also called "Distributed Ledger Technology" or DLT.

Here’s how it works:

  • Someone or a computer will transacts
  • The transaction is transmitted throughout the network.
  • A network of computers can confirm the transaction.
  • When it is confirmed a transaction is added to a block
  • The blocks are linked together to create a history.

And that’s the beauty of it! The process may seem complicated, but it’s done in minutes with modern technology. And because technology is advancing rapidly, I expect things to move even more quickly than ever.

  • A new transaction is added to the system. It is then relayed to a network of computers located around the world. The computers then solve equations to ensure the authenticity of the transaction.
  • Once a transaction is confirmed, it is placed in a block after the confirmation. All of the blocks are chained together to create a permanent history of every transaction.

How are Blockchains used?

Even though blockchain is integral to cryptocurrency, it has other applications. For example, blockchain can be used for storing reliable data about transactions. Many people confuse blockchain with cryptocurrencies like bitcoin and ethereum.

Blockchain already being adopted by some big-name companies, such as Walmart, AIG, Siemens, Pfizer, and Unilever. For example, IBM's Food Trust uses blockchain to track food's journey before reaching its final destination.

Although some of you may consider this practice excessive, food suppliers and manufacturers adhere to the policy of tracing their products because bacteria such as E. coli and Salmonella have been found in packaged foods. In addition, there have been isolated cases where dangerous allergens such as peanuts have accidentally been introduced into certain products.

Tracing and identifying the sources of an outbreak is a challenging task that can take months or years. Thanks to the Blockchain, however, companies now know exactly where their food has been—so they can trace its location and prevent future outbreaks.

Blockchain technology allows systems to react much faster in the event of a hazard. It also has many other uses in the modern world.

What is Blockchain Decentralization?

Blockchain technology is safe, even if it’s public. People can access the technology using an internet connection.

Have you ever been in a situation where you had all your data stored at one place and that one secure place got compromised? Wouldn't it be great if there was a way to prevent your data from leaking out even when the security of your storage systems is compromised?

Blockchain technology provides a way of avoiding this situation by using multiple computers at different locations to store information about transactions. If one computer experiences problems with a transaction, it will not affect the other nodes.

Instead, other nodes will use the correct information to cross-reference your incorrect node. This is called “Decentralization,” meaning all the information is stored in multiple places.

Blockchain guarantees your data's authenticity—not just its accuracy, but also its irreversibility. It can also be used to store data that are difficult to register, like legal contracts, state identifications, or a company's product inventory.

Pros and Cons of Blockchain

Blockchain has many advantages and disadvantages. 

Pros

  • Accuracy is increased because there is no human involvement in the verification process.
  • One of the great things about decentralization is that it makes information harder to tamper with.
  • Safe, private, and easy transactions
  • Provides a banking alternative and safe storage of personal information

Cons

  • Data storage has limits.
  • The regulations are always changing, as they differ from place to place.
  • It has a risk of being used for illicit activities 

Frequently Asked Questions About Blockchain

I’ll answer the most frequently asked questions about blockchain in this section.

Is Blockchain a cryptocurrency?

Blockchain is not a cryptocurrency but a technology that makes cryptocurrencies possible. It's a digital ledger that records every transaction seamlessly.

Is it possible for Blockchain to be hacked?

Yes, blockchain can be theoretically hacked, but it is a complicated task to be achieved. A network of users constantly reviews it, which makes hacking the blockchain difficult.

What is the most prominent blockchain company?

Coinbase Global is currently the biggest blockchain company in the world. The company runs a commendable infrastructure, services, and technology for the digital currency economy.

Who owns Blockchain?

Blockchain is a decentralized technology. It’s a chain of distributed ledgers connected with nodes. Each node can be any electronic device. Thus, one owns blockhain.

What is the difference between Bitcoin and Blockchain technology?

Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, which is powered by Blockchain technology while Blockchain is a distributed ledger of cryptocurrency 

What is the difference between Blockchain and a Database?

Generally a database is a collection of data which can be stored and organized using a database management system. The people who have access to the database can view or edit the information stored there. The client-server network architecture is used to implement databases. whereas a blockchain is a growing list of records, called blocks, stored in a distributed system. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, timestamp and transaction information. Modification of data is not allowed due to the design of the blockchain. The technology allows decentralized control and eliminates risks of data modification by other parties.

Final Saying

Blockchain has a wide spectrum of applications and, over the next 5-10 years, we will likely see it being integrated into all sorts of industries. From finance to healthcare, blockchain could revolutionize the way we store and share data. Although there is some hesitation to adopt blockchain systems right now, that won't be the case in 2022-2023 (and even less so in 2026). Once people become more comfortable with the technology and understand how it can work for them, owners, CEOs and entrepreneurs alike will be quick to leverage blockchain technology for their own gain. Hope you like this article if you have any question let me know in the comments section

Comments

table of contents title